IEC 2013

4th year - Energy concepts and the current reality

The title of the 4th year of the IEC is: Energy concepts and the current reality. The reason for such a choice is based in the fact that in the EU and in several member countries including the Czech Republic there is a new face of future energetic mix put together. These concepts settle many questions not to forget the point that they don´t end up in 2020 but in 2050 in their strategic visions.

The conference will be held international character and its primary purpose is to presented ideas and opinions of representatives of the EU, the European Parliament, the Czech Republic, Russia and other important players in energetic industry to show up the behind of the new energetic legislation development. Next aim will be discussion of changes in energy markets in the context of the views of key stakeholders. Each participant receives during the official programme and the accompanying space to comment on the issue.

Key outcomes of the conference will be before the end of the programme presented to media at the press conference. Its aim is to be more than “a professional conference” so that we organise a rich side programme – an opening party to all the members (25th September) and a relaxing festival banquet after the end (26th September). In the negotiations is a continuing the programme on Friday.

Programme priorities

PANEL NO. 1 Europe, the Czech Republic and blackout
PANEL NO. 2 Energy prizes, regulation and customer protection

PANEL NO. 3 Y Factor of realisation of energetic buildings

PANEL NO. 1 Europe, the Czech Republic and blackout

Europe and its energetic conception

The European Commission works with the energetic plan called the 2050 Energy Roadmap. The conception document follows an ambitious Energy 2020 strategy. As its top priorities of the EU energetic policy for the time to 2050 the document underlines the lowering of emissions of greenhouse gases, up to the 80 % decrease compared to 1990. The carbon dioxide emissions should be lowered of 85 %. They try to seek answers how to fulfil this aim with securing energy supplies and maintaining competition of European energy industry. The energetic plan contains six scenarios of lowering emissions according to the fuels used – e.g. maximising of using or renewable energy sources, limiting of nuclear power, gathering and storing of carbon emissions or rising of energy efficiency. Each of these scenarios contains a dissimilar approach and dissimilar costs regarding fuels, technology investments or transfer systems.

Discussion topics:

  • Can the Roadmap enable maintaining the EU competition ability?
  • The scenarios of possible development are contradicting each other, which one is the most acceptable for the CR?
  • Is a mass support of renewable energy sources reasonable in the European context?

Updated State Energy Conception and raw material policies

The updated State Energy Conception represents the outlook of Czech energy industry until 2040. It counts with the support of nuclear energetic production, newly it refers to a slow-down of coal based energy and starting 2014 it plans limiting of renewable sources support. The main aims of the State Energy Conception are safety, competition and sustainability. The State Energy Conception is a government document without any legislative base. It also has no linking to the 2050 Energy Roadmap and bonds declared there. Next to the conception in 2012 there was the Raw Material Policy of the CR updated. The priorities here stated are prime using of local mineral sources and changing of waste to sources. The contemporary raw material policy has not answered the question on breaking the lignite mining limits. This act is not topical now but it hinders its future using.

Topics for discussion:

  • Is Czech orientation to nuclear energy correct in a long run?
  • Why should Czech industry pay more for electricity than e.g. entrepreneurs in Germany?
  • Can the Czech Republic do without lignite laid beyond the mining limits?

Energy security of the Czech Republic

Energetic industry represents a strategic field of each state therefore it is vital to secure sufficient supplies for industry and families. In the case of oil the Czech Republic has strategic reserves for around 100 days, underground gas storages contain around a third of year´s consumption. The most difficult situation comes with electricity where a black-out can occur. The Czech transfer system is occasionally overloaded because of the irregular wind power production at the Baltic Sea coast. The State Energetic Conception keeps this menace in mind. According to this document the Czech Republic can temporarily work as an island operation. Similar islands are being prepared on a regional level too. It seems that the preparing for the electricity cut from Germany is the only way of a suitable solution. Especially when considered that the north-south line construction in Germany is far before launching.

Topics for discussion:

  • What are the most efficient and most effective ways to prevent a black-out?
  • Is an overpass of German wind power energy excess over the border a way how to cut the Czech Republic from the Central European network?
  • What does the sale of NET4GAS mean for the future development of Czech gas industry?
     

PANEL NO. 2 Energy prizes, regulation and customer protection

Energy prizes and their regulation

The strengthening of competition spirit and the fall of prizes for consumers was the main point for energy market liberalisation. However, the electricity and gas prizes are getting higher and such a trend is expected in the future as well. According to the 2050 Energy Roadmap the prizes should multiple twice. A general rule says that the prize of energies influences the ability to compete of each state. In this view France keeps the best solution because the prize of electricity for households is regulated there and is the lowest there. Another example is Germany where the prize of electricity for industrial operations is relatively low, on the contrary in the Czech and Slovak Republic the prize of electricity for industry is the highest in the EU. Since 2011 transparency of wholesale of energy has been an issue for REMIT, an order of the Council of EU that obliges the business people to present efficient and updated information to the public.

Topics for discussion:

  • How can prizes develop in a medium-term horizon?
  • Can the rising support of renewable sources endanger the future of liberated market?
  • Who should bear the consequences for renewable sources of energy: industry as in the CR or households as in Germany?

Customer protection

Free volumes of electricity and gas at the spot market introduced new companies to the market and they try to maximise the profit, sometimes using fishy ways. Customers are convinced by travelling salespeople who use legally incapable arguments, pressure to contracts. To stop this bad habit in 2012 the Energy Regulatory Office prepared an ethic codex defining how salespeople should act. The codex is voluntary but still to January 1 2013 there were 33 companies joining these document. The protection of customers rises when the companies declare signing this codex and the customers know that the company they are dealing with is a member of this codex and their rights are to be secured.

Topics for discussion:

  • Can the ERO ethic codex provide sufficient safety for consumers?
  • What other tools to protect consumers can be adopted?
  • What experience from abroad can be applied in the CR on the field of consumer protection?
     

PANEL NO. 3 Y Factor of realisation of energetic buildings

  • Investing into construction and reconstruction of energetic networks
  • Extreme time demanding process for the preparation of specific constructions
  • Hints at insufficient project documentation or “what to expect in store”