Europe, the Czech Republic and blackout
Europe and its energetic conception
The European Commission works with the energetic plan called the 2050 Energy Roadmap. The conception document follows an ambitious Energy 2020 strategy. As its top priorities of the EU energetic policy for the time to 2050 the document underlines the lowering of emissions of greenhouse gases, up to the 80 % decrease compared to 1990. The carbon dioxide emissions should be lowered of 85 %. They try to seek answers how to fulfil this aim with securing energy supplies and maintaining competition of European energy industry. The energetic plan contains six scenarios of lowering emissions according to the fuels used – e.g. maximising of using or renewable energy sources, limiting of nuclear power, gathering and storing of carbon emissions or rising of energy efficiency. Each of these scenarios contains a dissimilar approach and dissimilar costs regarding fuels, technology investments or transfer systems.
- Can the Roadmap enable maintaining the EU competition ability?
- The scenarios of possible development are contradicting each other, which one is the most acceptable for the CR?
- Is a mass support of renewable energy sources reasonable in the European context?
Updated State Energy Conception and raw material policies
The updated State Energy Conception represents the outlook of Czech energy industry until 2040. It counts with the support of nuclear energetic production, newly it refers to a slow-down of coal based energy and starting 2014 it plans limiting of renewable sources support. The main aims of the State Energy Conception are safety, competition and sustainability. The State Energy Conception is a government document without any legislative base. It also has no linking to the 2050 Energy Roadmap and bonds declared there. Next to the conception in 2012 there was the Raw Material Policy of the CR updated. The priorities here stated are prime using of local mineral sources and changing of waste to sources. The contemporary raw material policy has not answered the question on breaking the lignite mining limits. This act is not topical now but it hinders its future using.
Topics for discussion:
- Is Czech orientation to nuclear energy correct in a long run?
- Why should Czech industry pay more for electricity than e.g. entrepreneurs in Germany?
- Can the Czech Republic do without lignite laid beyond the mining limits?
Energetická bezpečnost České republiky
Energetic industry represents a strategic field of each state therefore it is vital to secure sufficient supplies for industry and families. In the case of oil the Czech Republic has strategic reserves for around 100 days, underground gas storages contain around a third of year´s consumption. The most difficult situation comes with electricity where a black-out can occur. The Czech transfer system is occasionally overloaded because of the irregular wind power production at the Baltic Sea coast. The State Energetic Conception keeps this menace in mind. According to this document the Czech Republic can temporarily work as an island operation. Similar islands are being prepared on a regional level too. It seems that the preparing for the electricity cut from Germany is the only way of a suitable solution. Especially when considered that the north-south line construction in Germany is far before launching.
Topics for discussion:
- What are the most efficient and most effective ways to prevent a black-out?
- Is an overpass of German wind power energy excess over the border a way how to cut the Czech Republic from the Central European network?
- What does the sale of NET4GAS mean for the future development of Czech gas industry?